Paying attention to the motor development of children, both fine and gross, is very important for parents to do in the first year of a child’s life. When a child is unable to reach certain milestones within a predetermined period, the child may experience developmental problems which are called developmental coordination disorders.
Developmental coordination disorders or dyspraxia is a motor nerve disorder in children so that it is difficult to develop fine or gross motor skills. They will find it difficult to perform movements that require coordination of the brain with motor nerves, ranging from simple movements such as waving their hands, brushing their teeth, let alone more complex movements such as tying shoelaces.
Children with this neurological disease will look like stupid children because they will experience learning difficulties due to this condition, but their intelligence level is not really affected. This disorder is likely to carry over to the adult child, but there are several types of therapy to relieve the motoric difficulties he is experiencing.
What causes the child to experience developmental coordination disorders?
Performing movements that require coordination between the brain and motor nerves is indeed a complex process for children. However, this neurological disease is not known for sure. It’s just that, there are several risk factors that can increase the child’s developmental coordination disorder, including:
- Baby born hasn’t been quite a month (under 37 weeks of gestation).
- Born with low body weight (under 1.5 kg).
- Have a family who has also had developmental coordination disorders.
- The child’s birth mother often drinks alcohol or abuses illegal drugs while pregnant.
The symptoms of developmental coordination disorder vary
Dyspraxia can occur in children as well as adults. The symptoms are shown by people with neurological disorders of the brain also vary, depending on age.
Infants under 3 years
Dyspraxia at this age is characterized by the child’s inability to sit, walk, stand, and be trained to urinate/defecate on their own( potty trained ).In addition, children also have difficulty speaking, which can be seen from the difficulty of repeating the words spoken by their parents, speaking very slowly, slowly answering questions, having the little vocabulary, and so on. You can also give your child supplement promind complex to solve their memory problems. For those of you who want to buy this supplement, you must read promind complex reviews first
Children over 3 years of age
Children this age should be able to socialize and enjoy learning many things. However, children with dyspraxia find it difficult to make friends and tend to move slowly or hesitantly because every command they receive is digested slowly.
In addition, a child with dyspraxia at this age will show signs, such as:
- Difficulty doing movements that involve fine motor skills, such as tying shoelaces and buttoning clothes, and writing.
- Difficulty doing movements that involve gross motor skills, such as jumping, catching, and kicking a ball, going up and downstairs.
- Learning difficulties, including learning new things, for example, coloring, cutting paper, playing with pairs of pieces.
- Difficulty processing the words taught to him.
- It’s hard to concentrate, especially for a long time.
- Being careless, aka you often fall or drop something.
Increasing the age of the child does not improve the symptoms they experience. Instead, he will show the following symptoms of dyspraxia:
- Avoid sports activities.
- Can study well only privately.
- Difficulty in writing and mathematics.
- Unable to remember and follow instructions.
Dyspraxia in adults will show symptoms, including:
- Posture is not ideal and you often feel tired.
- Difficulty doing basic work, such as writing and drawing.
- Difficulty coordinating the two bodies.
- The talk is not clear.
- Careless and frequent falls or trips.
- Difficulty grooming yourself, for example wearing clothes, shaving, using make-up, tying shoelaces, and so on.
- Uncoordinated eye movements.
- Trouble planning or coming up with ideas.
- Not sensitive to nonverbal signals.
- Easily frustrated and have low self-confidence.
- Hard to sleep.
- Difficulty distinguishing music and rhythm so it tends to be difficult to dance.
Researchers from the University of Bolton, UK, describe sufferers of this developmental coordination disorder as people who take orders for what they are. They may listen to other people’s words, but don’t understand their meaning.